Challenging behaviours

Complex behaviour that may be challenging is a widespread issue for people with dementia.

The multidisciplinary team at Pennine Lodge work to manage complex and challenging behaviours to maintain the quality of life of our ladies and gentlemen and reduce the risk of admissions to hospital.

Challenging behaviours

The terms ‘challenging’ or ‘complex’ behaviour describe any actions by the person that are deemed to be distressing or disruptive to themselves or others. These may include:

• Throwing objects
• Wandering
• Biting
• Violence/aggression
• Destructiveness
• Repetitive talking
• General agitation


Aggression can be prevalent in a person living with dementia and it may be one of the behaviours that you or your loved one is struggling with or most affected by. It can be challenging for all involved and lead to feelings of guilt, isolation and emotional distress.

Aggression may be a direct result of changes to the brain, or be caused by a general health problem such as physical pain. The behaviour can also stem from problems related to frustration, environmental factors, social interactions or communication issues.

Caring for complex behaviours

Our care practices at Pennine Lodge have resulted in a reduction in challenging behaviour and an improvement in quality of life.

We understand that an ongoing assessment of challenging behaviour is vital, good observation is essential and establishing the causes and triggers of the behaviour is critical.

Our highly knowledgeable and experienced care team favour using non-pharmacological and non-physical methods to de-escalate situations. We have access to a multidisciplinary team who deliver clinical services within a calm and relaxed environment, including:

• GP
• Quest matron
• District nurse
• Psychiatry
• Psychology
• Occupational therapy
• Chiropody
• Optometry
• Physiotherapists
• Nutritionists
• Speech and language therapists
• Behavioural specialists